New Synagogue Mainz, © Robert Dieth© Robert Dieth

In the footsteps of the past

Experience Jewish heritage

Rheinhessen stands above all for good wine and breathtaking scenery, that the region has an old Jewish history, is the few people aware. From the centuries-old Jewish cemeteries to numerous synagogues and the Jewish Museum in Worms, the history of the Jews in Rheinhessen can be reconstructed. Special highlights are, for example, the Jewish cemetery "Heiliger Sand" in Worms, which is the oldest preserved Jewish cemetery in Europe, or the New Synagogue, which can be found in Mainz. Mainz is also one of the oldest and most traditional Jewish communities in Europe.

Synagogue of Weisenau: inscription

  The synagogue in Mainz-Weisenau was built in 1737/38 and is the only Jewish of house worship in Mainz that survived the time of the Nazi regime and the Second World War without damage. Incidentally, it is also the oldest still intact building in Weisenau. In the 18th century, about a quarter of the inhabitants of the village of Weisenau were Jewish, and the community therefore had its own synagogue at Wormser Strasse. The building was badly damaged during the siege of Mainz in 1793, and it took 25 years to restore the synagogue to...

Synagoge Worms Außenansicht

  Worms, Hebrews Warmaisa, was a thriving Jewish community since the 11th century. Between Martins and Judenpforte extends the well-preserved and restored former Jewish residential district. The center of the former Jewish quarter was and is the synagogue with its ritual bath (Mikwe). The first building (oldest stone synagogue in Germany, 1034) fell to the Crusades of the 11th / 12th Century to the victim. In 1174/75 a new building was built. Burnt down on the night of the Pogrom in 1938, the synagogue was rebuilt in 1961 using...

New Synagogue

  Mainz is home to one of the oldest Jewish communities in Europe. During the Middle Ages, it was a centre of Jewish learning and religious life. The Main Synagogue designed by the architect Willy Graf from Stuttgart and erected in 1912 at the crossroads of Hindenburgstrasse and Josefsstrasse was looted and set on fire during the Kristallnacht pogroms of the night of 9 November 1938. Today, the Jewish community of Mainz counts around 1000 members, and it is growing quite rapidly, mainly due to immigration from Eastern European...

Jüdischen Museum im Raschi-Haus 2

  The present "Rashi House" is presumably the place of the Jewish Lehrhaus, where the important Jewish scholar Rashi studied in the period around 1060. Parts of the ground floor are from the late Middle Ages. Completed in 1982, the new building is modeled after the former house and houses the Jewish Museum and the archive of the city of Worms. Precious manuscripts, insights into Jewish history since the Middle Ages, utensils and cult equipment, memories of the events of the Third Reich: all this awaits you at the Jewish Museum in...

worms Jewish-cemetery-c-Uwe-feuerbach_uwe4870 © Uwe Feuerbach

  Oldest Jewish cemetery in Europe with approx. 2500 graves. The oldest tombstone dates from 1058/1059 and thus documents the first great heyday of the Jewish community in Worms, which has been documented since around the year 1000. From the younger part of the cemetery you have a very impressive cathedral view, the so-called "Buber-Blick". Thanks to the Synagogue Foundation of 1034 and the place of many rabbis since the 11th century, the Worms community, together with those of Mainz and Speyer, formed the SCHUM cities. "Schum" is...

Jewish cemetery

  In 1880, the city architect Eduard Kreyssig built a new Jewish cemetery on Untere Zahlbacher Strasse adjacent to the main city cemetery. As a consequence, the old Jewish cemetery known as Judensand at Mombacher Strasse was closed. The entrance to the new cemetery bears a commemorative plaque from 1948. Its inscription can be translated as "Erected in memory of our victims. To shame the murderers. And as a reminder to the living." Fortunately, the graves remained undefiled during the time of the Nazi regime. To this day, members of...

Grabsteine aus Sandstein

  The Jewish cemetery in Flonheim consists of about 60 tombstones erected in rows, mainly of Flonheim sandstone. The frequent arcuate terminations have reliefs, z. B. neo-Gothic with tracery and also Levitenkanne. Next to it is a broken pillar. In the back, last occupied section, some steles from black Swedish, a natural stone.  

Ehemalige Synagoge

  In 1855, the foundation stone was laid for the construction of the synagogue, which the local community acquired in 1900 for use as a kindergarten. Only until 1874 did the synagogue serve as a church. Thereafter, the building became the property of the Protestant parish, which originally wanted to demolish it to build a parish hall here. However, due to the objection of the state preservation of monuments, it did not happen. Even today, the synagogue is used as a Protestant parish hall.  

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