red rock

Typical vineyard soils in Rheinhessen

The foundation: the soil

Soil is the top layer of the earth. It covers the rock, sometimes only a few centimeters thin, but sometimes also several meters thick. The vine uses the ground for anchoring and as a nutrient and water reservoir. He also has great influence on the microclimate, which is important for vine growth and grape ripeness.

fertile, deep, light loamy soil, clayey silt, very good storage capacity for plant-available soil water, sufficient ventilation, nutrient-rich, calcareous, moderate heatability, good root penetration, high growth potential

Fertile, deep, silty sandy soil, nutrient-rich, calcareous Good storage capacity for plant-available soil water, good ventilation, good rooting, moderate to good heatability, high growth spontencial.

Deep, calcareous sandy soil, only moderate storage capacity for plant-available soil water, very good ventilation, moderate to good warmability, usually sufficient nutrient-rich, calcareous, very good root penetration

Deep, pebbly, loamy sandy soil, sufficient storage capacity for plant-available soil water, in dry years drought stress, very good ventilation, often low in nutrients, weakly calcareous, good heatability due to high gravel content, limited root area

Deep clay soil with stable, earthy soil structure, sufficient storage capacity for soil water available to plants, limited to good ventilation, mostly low in nutrients, weakly calcareous, moderate heatability, sometimes difficult to root

Deep, calcareous clay soil with a high proportion of swelling clay, less storage capacity for soil water available to plants, limited permeability to water and ventilation, nutrient-rich, extremely calcareous, moderate heatability, difficult to root through

Deep, calcareous clay soil with a high proportion of swelling clay, less storage capacity for soil water available to plants, limited permeability to water and ventilation, nutrient-rich, extremely calcareous, moderate heatability, difficult to root through

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