Land readjustments are carried out at longer intervals in order to combine and rearrange the plots of land to economic size where it is necessary, to renew farm roads and other things, in order to be able to carry out viticulture as efficiently as possible. In addition to land readjustment, land consolidation also contributes to flood protection, nature conservation and landscape management. Ideally, the economic objectives of the winegrowing enterprises and the objectives of facilitating work are combined with nature conservation and the requirements of an attractive landscape of different cultures.
A wide variety of forms which fit into the respective landscape create habitats for special and protected species: border and structural elements such as dry stone walls, cairns and stone bars, but also embankments are created and maintained as part of land consolidation.
Dry stone walls, cairns and stone bars
The wheatear and the wall lizard, for example, are among the special species for which home, breeding ground and protection is provided in almost 10 kilometres of reconstructed dry stone walls as part of a large-scale land consolidation in Gundersheim Höllenbrand. In other districts, such as Siefersheim, the stony soils of Rheinhessische Schweiz mean that winegrowers gather cairns or stone bars in order to provide protection for insects and reptiles while at the same time making it easier to work the vineyards.
In this way, it is possible to reconcile economic, social and ecological objectives in the wine cultural landscape of Rheinhessen.