red rock

Typical vineyard soils in Rheinhessen

Back to the roots: the soil

Soil is the top layer of the earth. It covers the rock. Sometimes it is only a few centimeters thick and sometimes it can be several meters. The vine uses the soil for anchoring and as a nutrient and water reservoir. Yet, the soil also has great influence on the microclimate, which is important for vine growth and grape ripeness.

fertile, deep, light loam soil, clayey silt, very good storage capacity for plant-available soil water, adequate aeration, nutrient-rich, calcareous, moderate warmability, good rootability, high growth potential

Fertile, deep, silty sandy soil, nutrient-rich, calcareous, good storage capacity for plant-available soil water, good ventilation, good rooting, moderate to good heatability, high growth pontencial.

Deep, calcareous sandy soil, only moderate storage capacity for soil water available to plants, very good aeration, moderate to good heatability, usually sufficiently nutritious, calcareous, very good rootability

Deep, gravelly, loamy sandy soil, sufficient storage capacity for plant-available soil water, drought stress in dry years, very good aeration, often poor in nutrients, slightly calcareous, good heatability due to high gravel content, limited root space

Deep clay soil with stable, earthy soil structure, sufficient storage capacity for soil water available to plants, limited to good ventilation, mostly low in nutrients, weakly calcareous, moderate heatability, sometimes difficult to root

Deep, calcareous clay soil with a high proportion of swellable clay, lower storage capacity for soil water available to plants, limited water permeability and ventilation, nutrient-rich, very calcareous, moderate warmability, difficult to root through

Deep, calcareous clay soil with a high proportion of swellable clay, lower storage capacity for soil water available to plants, limited water permeability and ventilation, nutrient-rich, very calcareous, moderate warmability, difficult to root through

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